Home > Indices > Watermarks

Watermarks

Watermarks are listed in index form and illustrated in a series of individual entries. Each watermark is linked to the choir book in which it appears by a specific ID. Individual entries are articulated as follows: ‘Description’ (watermark type), ‘Sheets’ (folios on which watermark appears), ‘Position’ (location of watermark on sheet), ‘Chain line width of paper (mm)’ (average distance between chain lines, in mm), ‘Date’ (proposed dating), ‘Other watermarks on same sheet’ (information on presence of other watermarks on same sheet), ‘Watermark’ (image),  ‘Location of watermark on sheet’ (image), ‘Notes’ (other information), ‘References’ (to published watermark catalogues). The general index permits focused access to individual entries on the basis of watermark ID and choir book sequence, watermark type, and chronology.

 

Watermark ID Description Date
Choir Book 1, Watermark 1 Trefoil with letters ‘P’ ‘B’(?) 1683 /1691 or later
Choir Book 1, Watermark 2 Trefoil with letters ‘S’ ‘S’ 1683 /1691
Choir Book 2, Watermark 1 Letter ‘b’ 1682 / 1686 or later
Choir Book 2, Watermark 2 Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1682 / 1686
Choir Book 2, Watermark 3 Trefoil with letters ‘S’ ‘S’ 1682 / 1686
Choir Book 2, Papier Type 4 [watermark not ascertainable] 1682 / 1686
Choir Book 3, Watermark 1a Flag (with 92 mm pole) 1670 / 1671 or later
Choir Book 3, Watermark 1b Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1670 / 1671 or later
Choir Book 3, Watermark 2a Hook 1670 / 1671 or later
Choir Book 3, Watermark 2b Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1670 / 1671 or later
Choir Book 3, Watermark 3 Trefoil with letters ‘T’(?) ‘b’ 1670 / 1671
Choir Book 3, Watermark 4 Eagle (double-headed) 1678?
Choir Book 4, Watermark 1a Crescents 1672
Choir Book 4, Watermark 1b Letter ‘V’ 1672
Choir Book 4, Watermark 1c Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1672
Choir Book 4, Watermark 2 Trefoil with letters ‘P’ ‘B’ and, underneath, ‘N’ 1672
Choir Book 5, Watermark 1 Crescents 1678 or later
Choir Book 5, Watermark 2 Eagle (double-headed) 1678
Choir Book 6, Watermark 1a Barrel 1677
Choir Book 6, Watermark 1b Trefoil with letters ‘I’ ‘B’ 1677
Choir Book 6, Watermark 1c Lily 1677
Choir Book 7, Watermark 1a Bird 1715 or later
Choir Book 7, Watermark 1b Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1715 or later
Choir Book 7, Watermark 2 Trefoil with letters ‘S’ ‘S’ 1715
Choir Book 8, Watermark 1 Trefoil with letters ‘S’ ‘S’ 1682 / 1683
Choir Book 9, Watermark 1 Trefoil with letters ‘G’ ‘H’ 1720 or later
Choir Book 9, Watermark 2 Flag (with 75 mm pole) 1720
Choir Book 10, Watermark 1a Bird 1736 (before)
Choir Book 10, Watermark 1b Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1736 (before)
Choir Book 10, Watermark 2 Flag (with 75 mm pole) 1736 (before) / 1720?
Choir Book 11, Watermark 1 Acronym ‘IHS’ with cross in oval 1671 (before)
Choir Book 11, Watermark 2 Anchor in circle with six-pointed star 1671 (before)
Choir Book 12, Papier Type 1 [watermark not ascertainable] 1690 (before)
Choir Book 13, Watermark 1a Crossbow in circle with trefoil 1650? (before)
Choir Book 13, Watermark 1b Flag (with 82 mm pole) and monograms ‘G’ ‘33’ 1650? (before)
Choir Book 13, Watermark 2a Flag (with 82 mm pole) 1650? (before)
Choir Book 13, Watermark 2b Trefoil with number ‘3’ and, underneath, ‘G’ ‘3’ 1650? (before)
Choir Book 13, Watermark 3 Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1720? (before)
Choir Book 13, Watermark 4 Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1720? (before)
Choir Book 14, Watermark 1a Letter ‘V’ 1715 / 1720 ca.
Choir Book 14, Watermark 1b Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1715 / 1720 ca.
Choir Book 14, Watermark 2 Letter ‘V’ 1715 (after)
Choir Book 18, Watermark 1 Trefoil with letters ‘b’ ‘V’ 1682 / 1683